Dyslexia, also known as the reading disability, is a disorder that involves difficulty in learning activities such as reading, recognizing familiar sounds and how they make up words. It is a disability that affects the parts of the brain responsible for processing language.
Against common beliefs, dyslexia doesn’t;
- mean mental retardation or unintelligence (like people are called commonly called olodo). In fact, dyslexic people are often as intelligent as people without it. They succeed in school under good care and special education systems. The likes of Leonardo Da Vinci, Walt Disney, Albert Einstein and Tom Cruise are some of the world’s greatest in their respective fields but grew up as dyslexic kids.
mean one is visually or hearing impaired neither can one be classified as handicapped. People with dyslexia usually have normal sense of sight and hearing. They have proper functioning brains but just don’t recognize words easily.
-Dyslexia can exist in adults just as it does in children with very similar symptoms.
-Dyslexia could also be hereditary; a family with an history of dyslexia or learning disabilities are at risk of passing it on to offsprings.
-Children could contract dyslexia at the foetus stage, getting exposed to brain development altering substances like drugs and alcohol.
-Dyslexia could cause social problems like depression, anxiety, behavioural issues and aggression. Children with dyslexia have an high risk of having ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) which could make treatment very difficult.
HOW CAN DYSLEXIA BE TREATED?
No cure for dyslexia exists, the best that can be done is detecting it at early stages to take healthy steps to control it as childhood learning problems could manifest in adulthood if early measures aren’t taken.